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Enjoining Good and Forbidding Evil



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Allah [may He be Glorified] said: "Let there arise out of you a group of people inviting to all that is good (Islm), enjoining Al-Ma'rf (i.e. Islmic Monotheism and all that Islm orders one to do) and forbidding Al-Munkar (polytheism, disbelief and all that Islm has forbidden). And it is they who are the successful" (3:104).

Commentary:

Allah commands the believers to take the most powerful means with which they can establish their religion on a strong basis. This can be achieved if a group among them assumes the collective obligation of:

- "Inviting to all that is good" i.e., the religion with its principles, branches and legislations.

- "Enjoining Al-Ma'rf" i.e., all that is known to be good from the point of view of religion and reason.

- "Forbidding Al-Munkar" i.e., all that is known to be bad from the point of view of religion and reason.

- "And it is they who are the successful" i.e., those who are fully aware of their duties and who save themselves from all that causes fear.

This group of people includes scholars, seekers of knowledge, the public and private preachers and the Muhtasibs (public inspectors) who compel people to perform prayer, pay the Zakah, abide by the Religious legislations and forbid them from doing evil. So, anyone who invites people to goodness or gives advice, either in public or in private is included in this verse.

See Tafsir Ibn Sa'di, p. 112 (Al-Luwaihiq Edition)



The Merit of Trustfulness


عن أبي موسى الأشعري -رضي الله عنه- عن النبي -صلى الله عليه وسلم- قال:
( إن الخازن المسلم الأمين الذي يُـنْـفِـذُ (وربما قال يعطي) ما أمر به فيعطيه كاملا موفرًّا طيبةً بها نفسه فيدفعه إلى الذي أمر له به، أحد المتصَـدِّقِين )
البخاري ح (1438) ، مسلم ح (1023)

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On the authority of Abu Musa Al-Ash'ari who reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, An honest Muslim store-keeper who carries out the orders of his master and pays fully what he has been ordered to give with a good heart and pays to that person to whom he was ordered to pay, is regarded as one of the two charitable persons.
(Reported by Al-Bukhari, Hadith no. 1438, and by Muslim Hadith no. 1023)

Summary:
One who participates in charitable deeds will have a definite portion of reward as one who is the giver of property or money meant for charity, without any decrease of the latters reward. This does not necessarily mean that both will receive equal reward; the participant in a charitable deed will get a reward of participation and the giver will get a reward suitable to the giving of charity. However, there will be no decrease of the reward of either of them that might be to the benefit of the other.

Imam Al-Nawawi said in his commentary on Sahih Muslim Vol. II, p. 202: Know that a treasurer should not dispose of the property he is entrusted without a prior permission of the owner of such property. If he is not permitted by the owner, he will get no reward; even he will be sinful.

Ibn Hajar said in Fath Al-Bari Vol. III, p. 203:
A treasurer in the Hadith is qualified as being (1) a Muslim to exclude a disbeliever; as the latters intention is void, and as being (2) trustworhty to exclude a traitor; as the latter will be sinful, and as being (3) willingly and contentedly carrying out that order to procure the intention of the deed, without which he will get no reward. These three qualifications are a must in order that the deed may be rewarded.


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