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Enjoining Good and Forbidding Evil



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Allah [may He be Glorified] said: "The believers, men and women, are Auliy' (helpers, supporters, friends, protectors) of one another; they enjoin (on the people) Al-Ma'rf (i.e. Islmic Monotheism and all that Islm orders one to do), and forbid (people) from Al-Munkar (i.e. polytheism and disbelief of all kinds, and all that Islm has forbidden); they perform As-Salt (Iqmat-as-Salt) and give the Zakt, and obey Allh and His Messenger. Allh will have His Mercy on them. Surely Allh is All-Mighty, All-Wise ."(9:71)

Commentary:

This verse includes some characteristics of the believing men and women:

1. They are interrelated to each other by virtue of the links of religion, love, friendship, affiliation and support.

2. They enjoin what is "good", the term which includes all meritorious acts with regard to sound beliefs, good deeds and noble characters. They apply these qualities to themselves before applying them to any other person.

3. They forbid evil which is anything contrary to goodness, such as false beliefs, bad deeds and detestable manners.

4. They establish prayer in humiliation, fulfilling its pillars, conditions, recommendations and ethics.

5. They pay the Zakah of their properties with full contentment and satisfaction.

6. They always stick to the obedience of Allah and His Messenger (peace be upon him).

The verse then explains that such people will have the mercy of Allah, i.e. He will admit them into His comprehensive Mercy and Kindness.

It also added that Allah is All-Mighty, All-Wise and that, even though He has the ability to do everything, He is Wise in conducting such things putting everything in its proper scale.

See Tafsir Ibn Sa'di, p.303 (Al-Luwaihiq Edition).



The Gravity of the Trust


عن أبي ذر -رضي الله عنه- قال:
( قلت: يا رسول الله ألا تستعملني؟ قال: فضرب بيده على منكبي ثم قال: يا أبا ذر إنك ضعيف، وإنها أمانة، وإنها يوم القيامة خزي وندامة، إلا من أخذها بحقها، وأدى الذي عليه فيها )
وفي لفظ آخر: ( يا أبا ذر إني أراك ضعيفا، وإني أحب لك ما أحب لنفسي. لا تأَمَّرنَّ على اثنين ولا تولَّينَّ مال يتيم )
مسلم (1825 ، 1826)

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On the authority of Abu Dharr (may Allah be pleased with him) who requested the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) to appoint him in charge of certain responsibility. The Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) patted him on the shoulder and said: "O Abu Dharr! You are weak and it is a trust and thus will be shame and regret for the people on the Day of Judgement, except for those who undertake it in a right way and perform the duties thereof". In another narration, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said: "O Abu Dharr I notice that you are weak and I wish for you what I wish for myself. Do not be a ruler of two persons, nor a guardian of the orphan's property" [Narrated by Muslim, Hadiths no. 1825, 1826].

An-Nawawi said that this Hadith is a strong excuse for those who want to avoid leadership and especially those who are unable to implement the responsibilities of these positions. As for shame and regret on the Day of Judgement, it will be on the side of those who are not efficient for these positions and yet undertake them, and also on the side of the efficient for such positions but do not discharge justice. This kind of people will be disgraced on the Day of Judgement and will regret what they have done in this world. On the other hand, the person who is capable of assuming the leadership responsibilities and implements justice will be rewarded with the best reward as referred to in the sound Ahadith and the consensus of opinion of the scholars.

In spite of all this, the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) warned Abu Dharr against assuming such positions because of the danger involved therein. Moreover, a lot of scholars among the worthy ancestors similarly warned against assuming them, and even refused to assume such positions and endured the persecution inflicted upon them because of their refusal. [Commentary on Sahih Muslim, Vol. XII, Hadith no. 210].


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